Sword Facts: Answering 67 Questions You Never Knew You Had

Delve into the captivating realm of sword facts, where every gleaming blade holds a tale as intriguing as its form. Swords, those iconic symbols of valor and might, have been the protagonists of countless battles and legends. 

In this journey, we’ll quench your thirst for knowledge with 67 sword facts that enchant history buffs and curious minds alike. So, gather ’round, fellow adventurers, as we unravel these sword facts and wield knowledge like the sharpest of blades!

1. Did Pirates Actually Use Cutlasses? 

Contemporary sources provide vivid accounts of how cutlasses were utilized by notorious pirate crews. One such crew was led by William Fly, an infamous pirate active in the early 18th century. 

Reports suggest that Fly’s crew heavily relied on cutlasses as their primary weapon of choice. These curved swords, with their sharp blades and sturdy construction, allowed pirates to engage in close-quarters combat with great efficiency and brutality.

2. Can Swords Be Poisoned? 

Swords were likely not routinely poisoned in the European context. While records show the use of poisoned weapons like arrows coated with toxins in various cultures, daggers and swords in Europe tended to kill more quickly than poison acted. 

This makes it unlikely to apply slow-acting poison to such weapons. There might have been psychological effects or specific cases, but overall, poisoning swords and daggers was not common.

3. Did Dueling Etiquette Extend to Swords? 

Yes, dueling etiquette extended to swords. Dueling codes set specific rules for sword duels, ensuring equal advantage and limiting casualties. Duelists issued formal challenges, agreed on dates and venues, and followed rules for starting and ending combat. 

Judicial duels had criteria and exemptions, with commoners and nobles engaging in different types of dueling. The elderly, clergy, and children were often exempt. Judicial duels were sometimes abused, and training with sword masters was common among duelists.

4. What swords did ninjas use? 

The sword commonly associated with ninjas is known as the “ninjatō” or “ninjaken.” This weapon is depicted as a short sword with a straight blade, often featuring a square guard. While there is no historical evidence of its existence before the 20th century, the ninjatō has become a symbol in popular culture and modern ninjutsu practice. 

Shinobi Chokuto from Kult of Athena

It’s portrayed as a preferred weapon of the ninja, held on the back horizontally, and it’s notable for its use in both defensive and attacking actions. Despite its disputed historical roots, the concept of the ninjatō adds intrigue and mystique to the martial art of the ninja.

5. Can you really flick blood off a katana like in the movies? 

In movies, the act of flicking blood off a katana like in the movies, known as chiburui or chiburi, is often portrayed inaccurately. While it’s depicted as a simple swipe that removes all the blood, in reality, chiburi is a symbolic process of shaking off blood from a sword blade before placing it back into the scabbard. 

To prevent rusting, the sword needs to be thoroughly wiped with a cloth, as there would still be enough blood on the blade after a battle to cause corrosion.

6. Is Valyrian steel real? 

No, Valyrian steel is not real. It’s a fictional material mentioned in George R. R. Martin’s book series A Song of Ice and Fire and the TV show Game of Thrones. It draws inspiration from real-world Damascus steel, but with a magical element. 

While Damascus steel existed, Valyrian steel is a product of fantasy and differs from its inspiration by not needing maintenance and being impervious to damage in normal combat.

7. What are executioner’s swords and were they real? 

An executioner’s sword is a specialized sword designed for the decapitation of condemned criminals rather than for combat. These swords were intended for two-handed use, featuring a blade lacking a point and quillons that were short and straight. 

While regular swords were initially used for decapitations in the Middle Ages, the earliest known specifically designed executioner’s sword emerged around 1540. They saw wide usage in 17th-century Europe but fell out of favor in the early 18th century. 

Although the last executions by sword occurred in Europe in the late 19th century, executioner’s swords are still used for executions in some countries today, such as Saudi Arabia. These swords often featured symbolic designs on their blades and could transition to ceremonial swords of justice after their use for executions ceased.

8. What materials are used for crafting handles of knives and swords?

Bladesmiths, in addition to metalworking, utilize woodworking techniques for crafting handles of knives and swords, alongside employing leatherworking for sheaths, resulting in intricately designed and functional blades.

9. What kind of sword is Excalibur?

Excalibur, while often depicted as a longsword, would likely have been a short blade resembling a Roman gladius during the 6th century when King Arthur is believed to have lived, as historical context suggests.

10. Are cane swords illegal?

The legality of cane swords varies by jurisdiction, with some states imposing restrictions while others permit their possession. For instance, in California, New York, and Massachusetts, the manufacture, importation, sale, or possession of sword canes is prohibited under state law, resulting in potential penalties. 

However, there’s a trend towards reduced restriction, as seen in the removal of prohibitions in states like Montana, Oklahoma, and Ohio, with more lenient concealed weapon regulations. Overall, while a few states still forbid sword cane possession, many states generally allow their lawful carry and commerce.

11. Did Vikings Inscribe Their Swords with Runes?

Yes, Vikings inscribed their swords with runes. Runic inscriptions were commonly found on Viking swords, among various types of objects. These inscriptions were practical in nature, often indicating ownership or providing basic information, rather than conveying magical or mythic stories. 

The tradition of runic literacy persisted in Scandinavia into the Viking Age, leading to the development of the Younger Futhark script. Thousands of Younger Futhark inscriptions are known, many of which are found on runestones. 

These inscriptions were discovered on a wide range of objects, including swords, spearheads, and other weapon parts, as well as valuable or prestigious objects like jewelry. The practice of inscribing runes on swords was part of the broader runic tradition during the Viking Age.

12. Could Swords Be a Fashion Statement?

Yes, swords can indeed be a fashion statement. In both the medieval and Renaissance periods, swords became more than functional weapons; they evolved into symbols of style and societal status. 

Dr. Nathan Clough highlights how swords played a significant role in fashion during the Renaissance, distinct from the medieval aesthetic. Just as in modern times, historical individuals were inspired not only by the practicality of weapons but also by the latest fashionable interpretations. 

The Renaissance era, in particular, emphasized the importance of appearance and conduct. This historical perspective underscores the enduring influence of fashion as a driving force in society. The evolution of swords as both functional and stylish items is a testament to their role in reflecting trends and personal expression.

13. Did Swords Inspire Dance Moves? 

Weapon dances, including sword dances, have a rich and diverse history across various cultures. These dances often imitate combat scenarios, portraying battles, duels, and symbolic struggles. 

In medieval Europe, early examples of sword and spear dances existed among the Germanic tribes, Norse peoples, and Anglo-Saxon tribes, showcasing the integration of weapons into performance. 

These dances could involve mimicking combat moves with swords, shields, and other weaponry, and they were often accompanied by chants, drums, and other forms of music. The tradition of weapon dances persists in modern times, albeit with variations that reflect local cultures and historical contexts. 

In some regions, weapons like swords are incorporated into dances that range from mock combat to ceremonial displays of skill, showcasing the enduring allure and influence of weaponry in dance forms.

14. Were swords ever used as a form of currency?

There haven’t been records showing swords being used as currency but there are records of knives being used as a form of commodity money known as “knife money” in ancient China around 600 to 200 B.C. during the Zhou dynasty. 

These large, cast, bronze, knife-shaped coins served as currency and circulated in various governments and kingdoms in ancient China, indicating their usage as a medium of exchange.

15. Were swords ever made from meteorites like Sokka’s space sword in Avatar: The Last Airbender?

Yes, swords were indeed made from meteorites in history. The Japanese swords known as Ryuseito were crafted from iron meteorites, specifically the Shirahagi iron meteorite. These meteor swords were produced in the late 19th century by swordsmith Okayoshi Kunimune under the order of Viscount Enomoto Takeaki. 

The Shirahagi meteorite, weighing 22.7 kg, was discovered in the Kamiichigawa River in Toyama prefecture, Japan. Enomoto reported the process of producing these meteor swords, which consumed about 4 kg of the Shirahagi iron meteorite to create a total of five swords. 

The swords exhibited a unique tree ring-like pattern on their surface, and their creation posed challenges due to the impurities in the meteorite. These meteor swords, known as Ryuseito, hold both scientific and historical significance as artifacts made from iron meteorites.

16. Were there any famous female sword fighters in history?

Yuenü, also known as the Maiden of the Southern Forest, was a renowned swordswoman from the state of Yue in ancient China. Living during the reign of Goujian of Yue (496-465 BCE), Yuenü displayed remarkable skills in both archery and swordsmanship, honed through hunting with her father. 

Summoned to the court by the King of Yue, she was impressed with her prowess and revealed her mastery of swordsmanship, using metaphors of yin and yang energy. Her exceptional abilities led to her appointment as a military trainer, demonstrating that famous swordswomen were indeed a part of history, showcasing their impact on martial prowess and training.

17. How were curved swords like the katana and scimitar effective in battle?

Curved swords like katanas and scimitars were highly effective in battle due to their practical advantages. Their curvature allowed for quicker and easier drawing from the sheath, making them swift to deploy in combat situations. 

Their design made them ideal for swiftly hacking down multiple enemies, thanks to a larger cutting area and better angle of attack compared to straight blades. Additionally, curved swords demanded less training to wield effectively, making them accessible to a wider range of warriors on the battlefield.

18. What’s the deal with the fuller groove on some swords?

The distinctive groove running along a sword’s blade, commonly known as a fuller or blood groove, serves multiple functions. Found in various swords across history, from medieval to modern portrayals, this feature reduces the blade’s weight and bulk while enhancing maneuverability and strength. 

The process of crafting sword fullers involves forging, grinding, and polishing. Different types of fullers, like narrow, double, parallel, and triple, were developed over time to fulfill specific roles. Fullers lighten the blade, enhance stiffness, provide flexibility, and contribute to aesthetics. 

Sword fuller

They’ve even led to myths, such as the misconception that they facilitate blood drainage. Today, crafting a sword involves a multifaceted process, with design, forging, and finishing, which can take weeks to months, respecting both tradition and modern techniques.

19. How heavy were swords, and how did knights manage to wield them?

Medieval swords, contrary to common belief, were not unwieldy due to their weight. As per renowned sword expert Ewart Oakeshott, the average weight of a normal-sized sword ranged between 2.5 lbs. and 3.5 lbs., with even larger hand-and-a-half ‘war’ swords rarely exceeding 4.5 lbs. 

Knights, who were trained to wield swords from a young age, found these weights entirely practical. Oakeshott, an authoritative researcher of European swords, affirmed that these weights were manageable based on his extensive experience handling thousands of swords and owning numerous exemplary pieces throughout history.

20. How did swordsmiths test the quality of their creations?

Swordsmiths in medieval times tested their creations through a practice known as tameshigiri, a Japanese art of target test cutting. This method, popularized during the Edo period (17th century), aimed to assess the quality of Japanese swords. 

Skilled swordsmen were chosen to perform these tests, using materials like rice straw, woven rush mats, bamboo, and thin steel sheets. Cuts were made on various substances, including cadavers and, at times, convicted criminals, showcasing the effectiveness of the swords. 

In modern times, the focus has shifted from testing the sword’s cutting capability to demonstrating the practitioner’s skill with the sword. The practice involves cutting targets like tatami “omote” rush mats, and the difficulty of cuts depends on factors like the target material, grain direction, sword quality, impact angle, and swing angle. 

Today, historical European martial arts practitioners also engage in similar test cutting exercises using various European swords, often with alternate materials like pool noodles, gourds, plastic bottles, newspaper rolls, synthetic targets, or wet clay.

21. What does swordsmanship really mean?

Swordsmanship, or sword fighting, refers to the skills and techniques used in combat and training with various types of swords. It involves learning how to effectively use a sword for offense and defense. This term originally applied to smallsword fencing but can encompass any martial art involving sword usage. 

Throughout history, different cultures and time periods have developed their own swordsmanship techniques. From the Roman gladiators’ use of the gladius to medieval knights wielding arming swords, swordsmanship evolved alongside changes in weapons, armor, and combat tactics. 

While once a crucial skill on the battlefield, swordsmanship’s military importance diminished with advancements in firearms technology. Today, swordsmanship often focuses on historical reenactment, sport, and preservation of traditional techniques.

22. Were there any particularly bizarre swords in history? 

Yes, there’s a truly odd sword from history known as the Seven-Branched Sword. It’s unlike typical swords because it has six small branches extending from the central blade, making it look more like a decorative piece than a practical weapon. 

This unusual sword was a gift from a Korean king to a Japanese king, showcasing its cultural importance. Despite its peculiar design, it’s thought to be ceremonial, symbolizing royal power. The original sword is safeguarded in a shrine, while a replica is on display in South Korea.

23. Were there any legendary sword masters in history? 

Miyamoto Musashi (1584-1645) is considered the best swordsman in history. A renowned ronin and teacher of the Way of the Sword during Japan’s Edo period, his legend has been perpetuated through literature and film. 

Musashi’s journey from a young samurai to a master swordsman, his intense training and duels, particularly the legendary clash with Sasaki Kojiro, solidify his status as a legendary figure in the realm of swordsmanship. His mastery of the sword was complemented by his Zen Buddhist teachings, calligraphy, and painting. 

His significant contributions to swordsmanship are encapsulated in his writings, most notably “The Book of Five Rings,” a timeless guide to strategy, tactics, and philosophy.

24. What do swords symbolize?

Swords symbolize various meanings across cultures and history. In the Middle Ages, they represented the word of God and the prestige of the owner. For instance, the khanda, a double-edged sword, holds religious significance in India as a symbol of Shiva. 

As time progressed, swords transitioned from primary battlefield weapons to personal sidearms, carried by cavalry and officers. While they gradually lost military prominence due to handguns, they retained a symbol of rank and status. In modern times, swords are often seen as historical artifacts, embodying honor, courage, and the legacy of martial traditions.

25. What’s the story behind “swordbreakers”? 

Swordbreakers are specialized daggers with large, deep serrations on one side of the blade, resembling the teeth of a comb. These serrations are designed to entangle an opponent’s sword, creating openings for follow-up techniques. 

While the name suggests they could break sword blades, it’s uncertain whether they could actually do so, as historical swords were built to withstand significant force. 

Swordbreakers were rare due to their intricate design, with some examples featuring straight quillons and a ring guard on the hilt. In modern times, the term is also used for similar features on bucklers that aim to trap an opponent’s blade.

26. Were there swords with multiple blades? 

Yes, there were swords with multiple blades. One example is the urumi, a sword from India with a unique construction. Its hilt resembles that of a talwar, including a crossguard and a disc-shaped flange on the handle. 

The blade, made of flexible steel, can be as wide as three-quarters to one inch. Interestingly, some urumi swords have multiple blades attached to a single handle, with a Sri Lankan version even featuring up to 32 blades, often wielded in each hand.

27. Which medieval swordsmanship treatise was written by Italian fencing master Fiore dei Liberi?

The medieval swordsmanship treatise written by Italian fencing master Fiore dei Liberi is called “The Flower of Battle” (Fior di Battaglia). Fiore, born in Cividale del Friuli, Italy, shared his expertise in this treatise, which included teachings on various martial techniques and combat strategies. 

He drew from his experiences training with masters across Italy and Germany, and his work emphasized the importance of proper training and technique in the art of swordsmanship.

28. In ancient Japan, what is the term for the art of swordsmanship? 

In Japan, the term for swordsmanship is “Kenjutsu.” This encompasses various schools of Japanese swordsmanship, including those predating the Meiji Restoration. Kenjutsu involves the methods, techniques, and art of the Japanese sword, rooted in the practices of the samurai class. 

It differs from “kendo,” which means “the way of the sword” and employs bamboo swords and protective armor. Different schools of kenjutsu have unique conventions, but generally, they include practicing battlefield techniques, performing kata (predetermined sequences of movements), and sometimes even sparring with various levels of contact.

29. What type of sword features a curved blade that’s associated with Ottoman warriors?

The type of sword that features a curved blade and is associated with Ottoman warriors is called a “kilij.” It’s a one-handed, single-edged scimitar with a distinct curve, known for its use by various historical empires, including the Seljuk, Timurid, Mamluk, and Ottoman Empires, as well as other Turkic khanates.

30. Which ancient civilization came up with the kopis?

The Kopis sword, which was a single-edged cutting weapon with a forward-curving blade, was invented by the Ancient Greeks. It was designed for tasks like cutting meat and performing animal sacrifices, as well as for combat purposes. The term “kopis” comes from the Greek word “koptō,” meaning “to cut” or “to strike.” 

The shape of the kopis allowed for powerful cutting blows similar to an axe, while also enabling thrusting attacks. Some scholars have suggested an Etruscan origin for the sword due to its presence in Etruria as early as the 7th century BC, but its primary use and development are associated with Ancient Greece.

31. What creates the patterns on Japanese swords?

The patterns on Japanese swords are created by a process called hamon, which forms during the quenching of the blade. The hamon is a visible effect that results from the differential heat treatment, where a clay coating on the sword’s back reduces cooling speed, creating softer pearlitic steel at the center and back of the blade. 

Meanwhile, the exposed edge cools rapidly, forming harder martensitic steel. This contrast in hardness between the edge and the center generates the hamon pattern, outlining the transition between the two steel types. The patterns are not just meaningful due to the hardness difference; they also hold artistic value, and their appearance can be intricate and unique.

32. What sword did the prophet Muhammad and Ali ibn Abi Talib wield?

The famous sword wielded by the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his son-in-law Ali ibn Abi Talib is called “Zulfiqar.” This sword holds historical and mythological significance, often depicted with a split tip in reference to its unique design. 

The name “Zulfiqar” is thought to refer to Ali’s possession of this distinctive weapon, with interpretations ranging from its celestial origins to its symbolic role in discerning between right and wrong. The sword is an integral part of Islamic traditions and has been depicted in various cultural and artistic forms throughout history.

33. Who wielded the sword “Sting” in J.R.R. Tolkien’s Middle-earth works?

The sword “Sting” in J.R.R. Tolkien’s Middle-earth works was initially discovered by Bilbo Baggins during the Quest of Erebor. It was an Elven short-sword made in Gondolin, possibly first owned by the Elf hero Glorfindel. 

Bilbo later passed Sting to his heir Frodo Baggins. Despite being just a dagger by Elven standards, Sting was well-suited for a Hobbit, and its unique quality was that it would glow blue when Orcs were nearby. It was used by Bilbo and Frodo to fight against creatures like spiders.

34. What sword, often depicted as a claymore, has historical and mythical connections to Scotland’s William Wallace?

The Wallace Sword, often depicted as a claymore, is an old two-handed sword that is linked to Scotland’s historical figure William Wallace. Wallace was a Scottish knight known for resisting English occupation during the First War of Scottish Independence. The sword is said to have been used by him at significant battles like Stirling Bridge and Falkirk. 

The sword is about 5 feet 4 inches long, and it’s currently displayed at the National Wallace Monument in Stirling, Scotland. While there’s debate about its true history and origins, the sword remains a symbol of Wallace’s resistance and courage.

35. Which historical figure carried a sword called “Joyeuse”?

The historical figure known for carrying a sword called “Joyeuse” is Charlemagne. Joyeuse was his personal weapon, and it also became a part of French royal coronation ceremonies since the 13th century. The sword is now kept at the Louvre Museum.

36. How do you test the sharpness of a blade?

To test the sharpness of a blade, you can try a few simple methods. For instance, the paper test involves using thin paper like printer paper or phone book pages. Try shaving thin lines from the paper – if you see curly lines, your blade is sharp. Another way is to gently shave your arm hair; a sharp knife will easily remove hair. 

You can also test by placing the blade on a fingernail at a slight angle – if it bites in, it’s sharp. When slicing through items like tomatoes or potatoes, a sharp blade will make smooth cuts, while a dull one might leave rough edges. Lastly, you can carefully run your thumb perpendicular to the cutting edge to feel for a slight grab, but this method requires caution.

37. What’s the name of the traditional Japanese wooden sword used for practice in martial arts?

The name of the wooden sword used in training is called a “bokken.” It’s a Japanese wooden sword used for practicing martial arts, particularly for training in sword techniques. 

The bokken is often shaped similarly to a katana, but it can also resemble other types of swords. It’s composed of wood, usually red oak or white oak, and is used for safe practice and sparring to avoid the risks associated with using a real sword.

38. What was the name of the short sword used by hoplites in ancient Greece?

The short sword used by hoplites in ancient Greece was called the xiphos. It was a secondary weapon made from iron or bronze, and hoplites used it when their spears broke or when they needed to fight up close. 

On horseback, hoplites would use a heavier, curved sword called the kopis. Light infantry called peltasts carried javelins to attack from a distance and didn’t engage in formation combat.

39. What sword did the archangel Michael use in his battle against Satan?

The archangel Michael used a powerful sword called the Flaming Sword of Michael, which was given to him by God to combat his brother Lucifer and his rebellious army of angels. This sword is engulfed in holy flames that can disintegrate unholy beings into ashes and even nothingness. 

The sword’s flames can scorch the sky and reshape themselves at Michael’s will. Only the most powerful beings can resist its effects, and it can only be wielded by those with a righteous heart and strong will. The sword’s ultimate ability allows Michael to tap into the powers of True Archangels and Seraphim, erasing things from existence on a conceptual level.

40. What form of Tai Chi uses a sword?

The form of Tai Chi that uses a sword is known as the “Tai Chi Sword” form. In Tai Chi Chuan, a practice rooted in Chinese martial arts and moving meditation, the Tai Chi Sword form is an elegant and highly effective sequence of movements performed with a sword. It involves relaxing the body, coordinating movements with deep breathing, and directing Qi (energy) through the sword. 

The goal is to achieve balance, focus, and skill, enhancing both physical health and mental sharpness. This internal art emphasizes calmness in action and requires patience, peace of mind, and bravery to master its techniques for health and potential defense. 

41. What’s the name of Siegfried’s sword in the Song of the Nibelungs?

Siegfried’s sword in the Song of the Nibelungs is called Balmung. It’s a magic sword with a storied history, originating from Norse mythology. Sigmund first used it after Odin placed it in a tree, claiming that whoever could remove it would be its rightful owner. 

After being broken, the sword was rewelded and passed on to Sigurd (Siegfried), who used it to defeat the dragon Fafnir and later slay Regin. In the Germanic epic, Balmung is used by Siegfried and ultimately taken by Hagen. In Wagner’s operatic ‘Ring’ cycle, the sword is known as Notung and is reforged by Siegfried to defeat the dragon Fafnir and claim the treasure.

42. What did Susano’o find inside the fourth tail of Yamata no Orochi? 

Inside the fourth tail of Yamata no Orochi, Susano’o found the Ama-no-Murakumo-no-Tsurugi, also known as the Kusanagi-no-Tsurugi, which means “Heavenly Cloud Gathering Sword” or “Grass Mowing Sword.” 

This sword was stuck in Orochi’s tail and was revealed when Susano’o struck it during his battle with the serpent. This sword would later become one of the Imperial Regalia of Japan, representing valor and bravery.

43. According to Vegetius, what was the primary technique of attack used by Romans with the gladius sword? 

The main technique of attack used by Romans with the gladius sword was primarily underhanded stabs and thrusts, targeting the enemy’s gut for a faster kill. 

While some depictions show Roman soldiers using slashing and cutting motions, the gladius, a short thrusting sword, was most effective when used for thrusting attacks. 

This technique was complemented by the use of the scutum, a type of shield, in battle to provide protection and support during combat.

44. How long does it take to make a sword?

The time it took to craft a sword in medieval times varied greatly. A simple sword might take a day or two, whereas a masterfully crafted sword could demand a week or more. 

Swords with ornate pommels and scabbards could extend the process to a month or even longer. Even with the advancement in technology, the time it takes to make a sword still varies greatly in the modern day.

45. According to legend, what magical power did the sword Thuận Thiên possess when Emperor Lê Lợi wielded it?

Legend has it that the sword Thuận Thiên possessed a magical power when Emperor Lê Lợi wielded it. According to the story, the sword granted Lê Lợi incredible strength, allowing him to grow very tall and possess the power of ten thousand men. 

This magical sword, split into a blade and a sword hilt, was found by Lê Thận, a fisherman. Later, when Lê Lợi led a rebellion against the Ming dynasty, the blade emitted a bright glow in the presence of Lê Lợi, and the words “Thuận Thiên” (Will of Heaven) appeared on it. When he discovered the hilt encrusted with gems, the blade fit perfectly into it. 

Guided by this magical sword, Lê Lợi achieved victory after victory, ultimately freeing Vietnam from Chinese rule and establishing his reign. After successfully reclaiming independence, Lê Lợi was guided to return the sword to its rightful owner, the Dragon King, in a lake known as Sword Lake or Lake of the Returned Sword.

46. When was the first sword ever made?

The first swords were crafted around 3300 BC in Arslantepe, Turkey. These early weapons were made from arsenical bronze and measured about 60 cm (24 in) in length. 

They marked the transition from knives and daggers to the sword, differentiating through the Bronze Age with longer leaf-shaped blades and hilt extensions. Swords evolved over time, with the first clear examples found in Minoan Crete around 1700 BC, demonstrating a total length of over 100 cm (39 in).

47. What was the longest sword used in combat?

Reportedly surpassing lengths of over 2 meters (6 feet 6 inches), the Japanese Ōdachi, Scottish Claymore, and German Zweihänder all stand as contenders for the longest swords used in combat.

48. What was the longest sword not used in combat?

Sheikh Mohammed bin Hamad’s sword holds the distinction of being the longest in terms of length. Verified by Guinness World Records on December 16, 2011, this colossal blade stretches a remarkable 14.93 meters (equivalent to 48 feet and 11.79 inches).

49. How many duels was Miyamoto Musashi reported to have survived in his lifetime?

Miyamoto Musashi reportedly survived 60 duels in his lifetime, using his exceptional skills as a swordsman. He even triumphed armed with just a wooden sword in some instances, including a remarkable duel against a renowned rival using a sword carved from a boat oar. 

Despite his mastery of combat, Musashi eventually retired from dueling and went on to become a celebrated painter and author, leaving a lasting legacy with his Book of Five Rings, a significant martial arts and strategy text.

50. Who is the legendary paladin who wielded the sword Durendal?

The legendary paladin who wielded the sword Durendal is Roland. According to French epic literature, Roland, a historical officer of Charlemagne, wielded the sword Durendal, which was believed to have been forged by Wayland the Smith. 

The sword, said to be indestructible and possessing significant symbolism, played a crucial role in the Battle of Roncevaux Pass, where Roland used it to fight off enemies and defend against the Saracen army. The sword was also said to contain relics of saints within its hilt. In various versions of the legend, Durendal’s origin and ownership are detailed, but its enduring association is with the valiant paladin Roland.

51. What was the name of the sword given to Beowulf by Unferth in the epic poem Beowulf?

The sword given to Beowulf by Unferth in the epic poem “Beowulf” is called Hrunting. Unferth lent Beowulf this rare and ancient sword with an iron blade that had been tempered in blood. 

While Hrunting had never failed anyone who had wielded it before, when Beowulf faced Grendel’s mother in battle, the sword proved ineffective and was eventually discarded due to its failure in the encounter. 

The exchange of Hrunting between Unferth and Beowulf holds symbolism in the poem, possibly reflecting peace, recognition, and treachery, while its failure in battle also raises questions about its significance and the broader Christian themes in the poem.

52. Which cultures used scimitars?

Scimitars were single-edged swords with a curved blade associated with Middle Eastern, South Asian, and North African cultures. These cultures include those from the Middle East, South Asia, and North Africa. They were favored by various groups like Mongols, Rajputs, Sikhs, and even Arabs. The curved design made them effective for slashing while on horseback. 

The scimitar was widespread throughout the Middle East and was used in warfare until firearms became dominant. Various cultures and historical periods, including the Ottoman period, utilized scimitars, which were inspired by Central Asian ghilmans.

53. In which country does the tradition of knighthood continue to be practiced?

The tradition of knighthood continues in England. While knights are often associated with medieval times, the practice of conferring knighthood has persisted into the present day. Notably, individuals such as rock stars Paul McCartney and Mick Jagger were knighted by England’s Queen Elizabeth II in modern times. 

Although the practice has evolved, knighthood remains a recognition of cultural achievement or service to the country, often for charitable work. This tradition is closely tied to the concept of chivalry, which emphasizes values like good manners, protectiveness, and helpfulness.

54. What was the primary purpose of the estoc sword in combat?

The estoc, also known as a tuck or panzerstecher, was a type of sword used by armored cavalry in the 16th century. Its long, narrow, and pointed blade, often triangular in shape, made it ideal for puncturing mail or piercing the gaps in plate armor, allowing cavalrymen to effectively target vulnerable points in their opponents’ armor during battles.

55. What was Blackbeard’s real name?

Blackbeard’s real name was Edward Teach, also known as “Thatch.” Born in Bristol around 1680, he gained notoriety as a fearsome pirate in the Caribbean during the late 17th and early 18th centuries. He started as a sailor on privateer ships during the War of Spanish Succession and later joined the pirate Benjamin Hornigold.

Teach’s ruthless nature and courage quickly propelled him up the ranks, and he eventually captained his own ship, Queen Anne’s Revenge. With his imposing appearance, two swords at his waist, and a reputation for capturing over 45 vessels, Blackbeard became the most notorious pirate in the Caribbean. He met his demise in a sword fight with Royal Marines in 1718.

56. How did the invention of firearms impact the evolution of swords?

The invention of firearms had a profound impact on the evolution of swords, altering the course of warfare and heralding the dawn of modern combat strategies. Gunpowder, originating in ancient China, catalyzed a technological revolution that transitioned military practices from traditional swords and horses to the realm of firearms. 

The emergence of personal firearms, such as the arquebus and musket, introduced novel conventions and tactics distinct from the realm of swords. While swords were once the primary weapon of choice, gunpowder weaponry gradually rendered them less pivotal in battles, transforming the landscape of warfare and marking a definitive shift in the arms race between technology and traditional arms.

57. How did sword fighting techniques change with the introduction of plate armor?

When plate armor was invented, sword fighting underwent a transformation where cutting techniques became ineffective against armored opponents. Instead, thrusting became the predominant form of attack. 

Fighters adapted to armored combat with techniques like half-swording, holding the sword by the blade to enable bludgeoning with the hilt, trapping, and disarming maneuvers.

58. Were there any swords associated with supernatural abilities or curses?

Yes, in popular folklore and culture, Muramasa swords are often considered to possess supernatural abilities and curses. These blades, crafted by the skilled but reputedly ill-balanced swordsmith Muramasa, have been believed to hunger for blood and drive their wielders to commit violent acts, including murder or suicide. 

The legend goes that once drawn, a Muramasa blade must draw blood before it can be sheathed again, even compelling its wielder to harm themselves or take their own life. This reputation has solidified Muramasa swords as cursed, demonic blades that incite bloodlust in those who wield them.

59. What is the significance of Curtana, also known as the Sword of Mercy, in British royal coronation ceremonies?

Curtana, also known as the Sword of Mercy, holds a significant role in British royal coronation ceremonies as a ceremonial sword. It is one of the Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom and is used in the procession alongside other swords during the coronation of British kings and queens. 

Its unique feature is a blunt and squared tip, symbolizing mercy. This ceremonial sword’s presence adds a touch of tradition and symbolism to the regal proceedings, highlighting the values of justice and compassion in the royal realm.

60. What’s so great about the Ming Sword?

The Ming Sword holds remarkable significance due to its rarity and intricate craftsmanship from the early Ming period. This sword, belonging to the era of the Ming dynasty, not only showcases the skilled artistry of the time but also exemplifies the mingling of practicality and symbolism in Chinese sword culture. 

Its stunning ornamentation, including a richly adorned hilt and scabbard, the intricate three-dimensional monster-mask guard, and the presence of Eight Buddhist Emblems of Good Augury, demonstrate its high-status nature and the diverse layers of meaning it held in courtly culture and diplomatic contexts.

61. Are real swords illegal?

Swords, like bladed weapons, are subject to various legal regulations that vary by state. Generally, carrying a sword in public is often illegal under state laws that prohibit the possession of bladed weapons beyond a certain length. The legality also depends on whether the sword is sheathed or openly carried. 

For instance, in California, fixed-blade swords must be worn in plain view, while in Texas, swords with blades longer than 5.5 inches fall under restrictions. However, there are exceptions, such as carrying swords for historical demonstrations or ceremonies. 

Religious and cultural practices, like carrying a kirpan for Sikhs or martial arts involving swords, may pose unique legal considerations. While there are instances where carrying a sword is legally permissible, it’s generally advised to consult a criminal defense attorney if facing weapons charges due to the complex and varying nature of sword laws.

62. What sword was used to kill Medusa?

The sword used to kill Medusa is known as the Harpe. Perseus, in his quest to slay the Gorgon, was armed with this harpe sword by his father, Zeus. The harpe sword is characterized by a sickle protrusion along one edge near the tip of the blade. 

In art and mythology, Perseus is often depicted carrying the harpe sword as he defeats Medusa and recovers her head. This sword was also used by other notable figures like Zeus, Hermes, and Heracles in various mythological battles, making it a symbol of power and valor in ancient Greek lore.

63. Did anyone ever dual-wield swords?

Yes, while not common in historical military contexts, there are instances of dual wielding, where a person uses two weapons simultaneously. In history, dual wielding is observed in weapon-based martial arts, such as Roman gladiators known as “dimachaeri,” who fought with two swords, and traditional Japanese schools like Niten Ichi-ryū, founded by Miyamoto Musashi, that taught techniques involving the use of a katana and wakizashi. 

Additionally, some prominent figures like Khalid ibn Walid, a Rashidun caliphate general, were reported to favor wielding two swords in each hand during combat. Dual wielding’s prevalence extends across various cultures and martial arts, from Roman times to Asian traditions like Chinese butterfly swords, Okinawan sai, and Thailand’s Krabi Krabong, showcasing a diverse range of dual weapon techniques.

64. When was the last real duel?

One of the last real duel took place in 1967 between French politicians Gaston Defferre and Rene Ribiere. Amidst the backdrop of the Vietnam War, the duel was a throwback to earlier times. Defferre had insulted Ribiere, leading to the challenge. Armed with épées, they dueled on private property near Paris, officiated by France’s Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. 

Ribiere suffered hits on his arm, and the duel was stopped after a second hit. Defferre later served in government, while both men passed away, forever united in history as the last duelists in France. The duel reflected an older code of honor, highlighting the transition of dueling from nobility to upper classes before becoming largely illegal by the early 20th century.

65. Why is Damascus steel so famous?

Damascus steel is widely known for its exceptional qualities, as it was forged from Wootz steel, often imported from Southern India or produced in centers like Sri Lanka or Iran. The swords made from Damascus steel are renowned for their distinct water-like patterns, strength, and resilience. 

Although legendary tales claim extraordinary feats like cutting rifle barrels or slicing hairs, these legends are not fully substantiated. Modern research has revealed fascinating features, including nanowires and carbon nanotubes in some blades, showcasing the advanced metallurgical knowledge of the time. 

Despite the superiority of modern steel, the chemical processes in creating Damascus steel made it extraordinary in its era, with a combination of superplasticity and hardness. The use of unique additives and the fusion process contributed to the steel’s exceptional properties, making it a historical marvel still celebrated today.

66. How does sword swallowing work?

Sword swallowing involves deliberate physical and psychological preparation rather than illusions or pre-swallowed tubes. The performer hyper-extends their neck to align the mouth with the esophagus, consciously moves their tongue aside, and relaxes their throat. They then align the sword with their upper gastrointestinal tract and guide it through the mouth, pharynx, and upper esophageal sphincter. 

The performer’s saliva or lubricant aids in the process, and the sword straightens the esophagus’s curves as it passes. Although some performers may manage to guide the sword into the stomach, a common practice is for the sword to reach the portion of the stomach connecting to the esophagus, demonstrating exceptional control over the upper gastrointestinal tract.

67. Were swords buried with their wielders?

Yes, swords were indeed buried with their wielders in various cultures, particularly evident in Viking burials during the early Viking period. These burials were typically reserved for individuals of high status, as swords held immense prestige. 

However, not all Viking warriors were interred with swords, as these were prized items that could be inherited, gifted, or even ritually sacrificed by placing them in lakes, bogs, rivers, and wetlands. This complex practice reflected the value, symbolism, and diverse roles that swords played in ancient societies.


As we conclude this immersive exploration of sword facts, we’ve uncovered a trove of insights that shimmer as brilliantly as a polished edge. From the mysterious allure of legendary swords to the intricate details of historical craftsmanship, the world of sword facts is a tapestry woven with threads of culture, valor, and timeless fascination.

As you sheath your newfound knowledge, remember that each sword has a story, and each fact adds another layer to the epic tale. Until our next encounter with sword facts, may your curiosity remain as keen as a finely honed blade!

Similar Posts